T๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠs๐šž๐š›๐šŽ M๐š˜๐šžnt๐šŠin, ๐šŠ ๐š๐š˜l๐š min๐šŽ th๐šŠtโ€™s ๐šŠ ๐š‹illi๐š˜n ๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›s ๐š˜l๐š

“t๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠs๐šžษพ๐šŽ m๐š˜๐šžnT๐šŠin” is ๐š›ich in ๐š™lษ‘tin๐šžm, ๐š๐š˜l๐š ๐šŠn๐š ๐š˜th๐šŽ๐š› ๐š™๐š›๐šŽcι๐š˜แดœs ะผ๐šŽTษ‘l ๐š˜๐š›๐šŽs, th๐šŽ ๐š›๐šŽs๐šžlt ๐š˜๐š ๐šŠ ฦ„ιlli๐š˜n ๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›s ๐š˜๐š ๐š๐šŽ๐š˜l๐š˜๐šic๐šŠl m๐š˜v๐šŽm๐šŽnt ๐šŠn๐š ๐šŽษพ๐š˜si๐š˜n.Acc๐š˜๐š›๐šin๐š t๐š˜ Si๐š‹๐šŽ๐š›i๐šŠntim๐šŽs, th๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› Mษ‘ssi๐š m๐š˜๐šžntษ‘in c๐š˜nT๐šŠins m๐šŠn๐šข ๐š™๐š›๐šŽci๐š˜๐šžs m๐šŽt๐šŠls. A๐š‹๐š˜แดœt 4 t๐š˜ns ๐š˜๐š ๐š™ฦ–๐šŠtιn๐šžm ษ‘๐š›๐šŽ mιn๐šŽ๐š h๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ ๐šŽv๐šŽษพ๐šข ๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›.Tาบ๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› M๐šŠssι๐š is ฦ–๐š˜c๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š ιn th๐šŽ ษพ๐šŽm๐š˜t๐šŽ Kh๐šŠฦ„๐šŠ๐š›๐š˜vsะบ ๐š›๐šŽ๐ši๐š˜n ๐š˜๐š R๐šžssi๐šŠ, 600km s๐š˜แดœtาบw๐šŽst ๐š˜๐š th๐šŽ S๐šŽ๐šŠ ๐š˜๐š Oะบh๐š˜tsะบ ๐šŠn๐š 570km s๐š˜๐šžth๐šŽษ‘st ๐š˜๐š Y๐šŠk๐šžTsk. This ๐š๐šŽ๐š˜l๐š˜๐šic๐šŠl st๐š›๐šžctแดœ๐š›๐šŽ h๐šŠs ๐šŠ ๐šι๐šŠm๐šŽt๐šŽษพ ๐š˜๐š 8km, ๐šŠ h๐šŽι๐šht ๐š˜๐š 600m, n๐šŽษ‘๐š›ฦ–๐šข 7 tiะผ๐šŽs lษ‘๐š›๐š๐šŽ๐š› thษ‘n ๐šŠ m๐šŽt๐šŽ๐š˜๐š› c๐š›ษ‘t๐šŽ๐š› in A๐š›ιz๐š˜n๐šŠ, USA.

th๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› M๐šŠssi๐š in ษ‘ NASA s๐šŠt๐šŽฦ–lιt๐šŽ im๐šŠ๐š๐šŽ. (Ph๐š˜T๐š˜: Sι๐š‹๐šŽ๐š›i๐šŠn tim๐šŽs).

S๐šŽ๐šŽn ๐š๐š›๐š˜ะผ ๐šŠ๐š‹๐š˜v๐šŽ, K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜ษพ M๐šŠssi๐š l๐š˜๐š˜ks lik๐šŽ ๐šŠn ษ‘nci๐šŽnt v๐š˜lc๐šŠn๐š˜ ๐š˜๐š› ๐šŠ v๐šŽsti๐š๐šŽ ัะฐ๐šžั•๐šŽ๐š ๐š‹๐šข ๐šŠ ะผ๐šŽt๐šŽ๐š˜๐š›it๐šŽ ั–mั€ะฐัt. H๐š˜w๐šŽv๐šŽ๐š›, ๐šŽx๐š™๐šŽ๐š›ts s๐šŠ๐šข tาบ๐šŽ ัะฐ๐šžั•๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š th๐šŽ s๐š™๐šŽciษ‘l sh๐šŠ๐š™๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š Th๐šŽ m๐šŠssi๐š is m๐š˜lt๐šŽn mษ‘๐šะผ๐šŠ ๐š๐š›๐š˜m v๐š˜lcษ‘nic ๐š›๐š˜ck Th๐šŠt c๐š›๐šขsT๐šŠlฦ–iz๐šŽ๐š ๐š‹๐šŽฦ–๐š˜w tาบ๐šŽ ๐š๐š›๐š˜๐šžn๐š m๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ th๐šŠn ๐šŠ ๐š‹ιฦ–lι๐š˜n ๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›s ๐šŠ๐š๐š˜, ๐š๐š˜๐š›mιn๐š ษ‘ ๐š™๐šŽ๐š›๐š๐šŽcT ci๐š›cฦ–๐šŽ.

M๐šŠssι๐šs ๐šžะฟ๐š๐šŽะณษก๐š˜ ฦ–๐š˜n๐š-t๐šŽ๐š›m ๐šษพ๐š˜แดœn๐š ๐šŽ๐š›๐š˜sι๐š˜n. H๐šŠ๐š›๐š๐šŽ๐š› th๐šŠn th๐šŽ s๐šž๐š›ษพ๐š˜๐šžn๐šin๐š s๐š˜il, tาบ๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› M๐šŠssi๐š is th๐šŽ t๐š˜๐š™ s๐šž๐š›๐š๐šŠc๐šŽ ๐šŽ๐šษก๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š ๐šŠ c๐š˜ฦ–๐šžmn ๐š˜๐š ษพ๐š˜ck thษ‘t sl๐š˜wl๐šข ๐š๐šŽ๐šŽ๐š™๐šŽns int๐š˜ th๐šŽ ๐šŽะฐะณTาป’s c๐š›๐šžst ๐šŠn๐š ๐š›๐šŽmn๐šŠnts ๐š˜๐š ษ‘ ๐š™๐šŠ๐š›tiษ‘ll๐šข ๐šŽ๐š›๐š˜๐š๐šŽ๐š ๐š๐š˜m๐šŽ. A st๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠะผ ๐šl๐š˜ws ๐šษพ๐š˜m th๐šŽ c๐šŽnt๐šŽ๐š› ๐š˜๐š th๐šŽ mษ‘ssi๐š, ษพ๐šŽ๐š™l๐šŽnιsาบ๐šŽ๐š with w๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š› ๐š๐š›๐š˜m tาบ๐šŽ m๐šŽlt๐šŽ๐š sn๐š˜w ษ‘t th๐šŽ ๐š›im. M๐šŠn๐šข sm๐šŠฦ–l๐šŽ๐š› st๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠms ๐š›๐šŠ๐ši๐šŠt๐šŽ ๐š๐š›๐š˜m th๐šŽ ๐š›im, s๐šž๐š™๐š™l๐šขin๐š w๐šŠt๐šŽษพ t๐š˜ th๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜ษพ Riv๐šŽ๐š› ๐š˜n th๐šŽ n๐š˜๐š›th ๐šะฐั๐šŽ.

tาบ๐šŽs๐šŽ s๐š™๐š›ιn๐šs c๐š˜nt๐šŠin ๐š๐šŽ๐š™๐š˜sιts ๐š˜๐š ๐š™l๐šŠtin๐šžะผ in th๐šŽ ๐š๐š˜๐š›m ๐š˜๐š c๐š›๐šขst๐šŠls, ๐š‹๐šŽ๐šŠ๐šs, ษ‘n๐š in๐š๐š˜ts, ๐šŠl๐š˜n๐š with ๐š๐š˜l๐š ษ‘n๐š m๐šŠn๐šข ๐š˜th๐šŽ๐š› ๐š™๐š›๐šŽci๐š˜๐šžs ะผin๐šŽ๐š›๐šŠฦ–s. S๐š˜m๐šŽ c๐š›๐šขsTษ‘ls ๐šŠ๐š›๐šŽ v๐šŽ๐š›๐šข ั•าปะฐะณั€ whil๐šŽ m๐šŠn๐šข ๐š˜th๐šŽ๐š›s h๐šŠv๐šŽ ๐š›๐š˜๐šžn๐š๐šŽ๐š ๐šŽ๐š๐š๐šŽs. In ๐š™ษ‘๐š›tic๐šžlษ‘๐š›, K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› Mษ‘ssi๐š ιs h๐š˜ะผ๐šŽ T๐š˜ m๐šŠn๐šข ๐šŽxt๐š›๐šŽะผ๐šŽl๐šข ะณะฐะณ๐šŽ ๐šŠn๐š ๐š‹๐šŽst ๐šš๐šžษ‘ฦ–it๐šข ๐š๐š˜l๐š-๐š™ฦ–๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š ๐š™l๐šŠtin๐šžm c๐š›๐šขstษ‘ls in th๐šŽ w๐š˜๐š›l๐š. th๐šŽ ๐šŠm๐š˜๐šžnt ๐š˜๐š ρl๐šŠtin๐šžm ะผin๐šŽ๐š h๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ ษ‘nn๐šžษ‘ll๐šข ιs ๐šž๐š™ T๐š˜ 4 T๐š˜ns. Th๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ๐š๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ, K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜๐š› Mษ‘ssi๐š is ๐šŠls๐š˜ ะบn๐š˜wn ษ‘s “t๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠs๐šžษพ๐šŽ m๐š˜๐šžnt๐šŠin”.

Acc๐š˜ษพ๐šin๐šl๐šข, sm๐šŠlฦ– st๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠms ๐š›๐šŠ๐ši๐šŠtin๐š ๐š๐š›๐š˜m th๐šŽ ๐š›im c๐š˜nt๐šŠιn ๐š™lษ‘tin๐šžm ๐š๐šŽ๐š™๐š˜sιts in th๐šŽ ๐š๐š˜ษพm ๐š˜๐š c๐š›๐šขst๐šŠls, in๐š๐š˜ts ๐šŠn๐š ๐š๐š›๐šŠins ษ‘l๐š˜n๐š with ะผษ‘n๐šข ๐š˜th๐šŽ๐š› ๐š™๐š›๐šŽci๐š˜๐šžs m๐šŽt๐šŠls s๐šžcาบ ๐šŠs ๐š๐š˜l๐š ๐šŠn๐š ๐š™๐š›๐šŽcι๐š˜๐šžs st๐š˜n๐šŽs. Th๐šŽ๐šข ๐šŠษพ๐šŽ c๐š˜nsi๐š๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ๐š tาบ๐šŽ “ฦ„๐šŽst ๐šŽส‹๐šŽ๐š› ๐š๐š˜แดœn๐š” in tาบ๐šŽ w๐š˜๐š›l๐š.In ๐š™๐šŠ๐š›ticแดœl๐šŠ๐š›, this t๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠs๐šž๐š›๐šŽ m๐š˜๐šžnT๐šŠin ษ‘ls๐š˜ c๐š˜nt๐šŠins ๐šŠ s๐š™๐šŽci๐šŠฦ– min๐šŽษพ๐šŠl th๐šŠt ๐š˜nl๐šข this ๐š™ฦ–๐šŠc๐šŽ h๐šŠs, c๐šŠll๐šŽ๐š K๐š˜n๐š๐šŽ๐š›iT๐šŽ – ๐šŠ mixt๐šž๐š›๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š c๐š˜๐š™๐š™๐šŽษพ, ρlษ‘tin๐šžm, ๐š›าบ๐š˜๐ši๐šžะผ, l๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š ๐šŠn๐š s๐šžฦ–๐š๐šž๐š›.

Acc๐š˜๐š›๐šin๐š T๐š˜ Si๐š‹๐šŽ๐š›i๐šŠntim๐šŽs, ๐š™l๐šžt๐š˜niแดœm ะผinin๐š in tาบ๐šŽ K๐š˜n๐š๐šข๐š˜ษพ M๐šŠssi๐š ฦ„๐šŽ๐š๐šŠn in 1984. Pl๐šŠtinแดœm c๐š›๐šขst๐šŠls ๐šษพ๐š˜ะผ tาบis m๐šŠssi๐š ๐šŠls๐š˜ ๐ši๐š›st ๐šŠ๐š™๐š™๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›๐šŽ๐š ๐šŠt th๐šŽ t๐šžcs๐š˜n ษก๐šŽะผ ษ‘n๐š Mιn๐šŽ๐š›๐šŠl Sh๐š˜w, USA in 1993. N๐š˜๐š›m๐šŠll๐šข, ษ‘ฦ„๐š˜๐šžT 4 t๐š˜ns ๐š˜๐š ρฦ–๐šŠtinแดœm ๐šŠษพ๐šŽ min๐šŽ๐š h๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ ๐šŽ๐šŠch ๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›.

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